Copán, Honduras. (Photo: gumbao / Shutterstock). Edfu, Egypt. Luxor, Egypt. (Photo: Viroj Phetchkhum / Shutterstock), Hagia Sophia. This is because the distribution of wealth and power is widespread in parts of the world where architecture is vital and because the modern state has assumed responsibility for much high-quality housing. The period is most classically identified with Maya architecture and the great stepped pyramids of this civilization. For instance, St. Basil’s Cathedral in Moscow, which was started in 1555, mixes Byzantine architecture with Russian tradition. Vers-Pont-du-Gard, France. Mesoamerican—or Pre-Columbian—architecture refers to the buildings constructed by the native cultures of what is now Central America, from central Mexico to northern Costa Rica. These few, whose advantages usually arise from economic, religious, or class distinctions, are able to enjoy an infinite variety of domestic activities connected with the mores of their position. In much of the world today, even where institutions have been in a continuous process of change, dwelling types of ancient or prehistoric origin are in use. Byzantine architecture took shape once Constantine moved the capital of the Roman Empire to Constantinople (now Istanbul) in 330 AD. Black Friday Sale! In democracies such as ancient Greece and in the modern Western world, this show of power may have been more reserved, but it is still distinguishable. Chiapas, Mexico. Vaulted structure 6. These civilizations were also masters of engineering, with the Romans building incredible highway systems and aqueducts to bring commercial goods and water across their vast lands, which stretched the entirety of Europe. Premium Membership is now 50% off! (Photo: vvoe / Shutterstock), Hosios Loukas Monastery. The same causes tend to replace the conservatism of the home with the aspirations of institutional architecture and to emphasize the expressive as well as the utilitarian function. Frame structure 10. A single room with sturdy walls and roof, a door, a window, and a hearth are the necessities; all else can be considered luxury. This architecture 101 timeline of major Western types of architecture will give you a crash course in the development of design and construction. She cultivated expertise in street art which led to the purchase of her photographic archive by the Treccani Italian Encyclopedia in 2014. By … The apartment house was developed independently by the imperial Romans of antiquity to suit urban conditions and by the American Indians to suit agricultural conditions. The types that will be discussed here—domestic, religious, governmental, recreational, welfare and educational, and commercial and industrial—represent the simplest classification; a scientific typology of architecture would require a more detailed analysis. Celebrating creativity and promoting a positive culture by spotlighting the best sides of humanity—from the lighthearted and fun to the thought-provoking and enlightening. Milan, Italy. And while the pyramids might be the structures that come to mind when thinking of Egyptian architecture, they are not to the only type of architectural expression the Egyptians built. The forces that produce a dynamic evolution of architectural style in communal building are usually inactive in the home and farm. When she’s not spending time with her three dogs, she also manages the studio of a successful street artist. Frame structure 12. Prior to the pyramids, Egyptians focused on incredibly detailed temple complexes that focused on aesthetic beauty and function. (Photo: Graficam Ahmed Saeed / Shutterstock), Temple of Karnak. Signature building: Pyramid complex of Giza, Temple of Horus. 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