politeness and the way of expressing politeness (Zhu & Bao, 2010). Hymes (1972, cited in Al-Tayib Umar, 2006) asserts that to achieve communicative goals, second language learners be indirect, use hedges, minimize imposition, apologize! – In recent years, communicative competence has received special attention in the field of second/foreign language teaching and learning. That is, class distinction indicates grade differences and a rigid hierarchy. focuses on pragmatic principles as communicative constraints, not on elaborating pragmatic strategies, and this is also true of his account of politeness. According to one view, politeness is a superficial and dispensable adornment of human language, rather like Pragmatics research in the scope of politeness nearly emerged in the late 1970s. As such, it aims to show the shortcomings and defects of the different theoretical foundations and pragmatic models of politeness. POLITENESS PRINCIPLES IN UPTOWN GIRLS by Qolidina Noviani 09211141005 ABSTRACT This study is a pragmatic study. The objectives of this research are to (1) identify the types of politeness strategies in the main characters’ utterances in Uptown Girls, and to (2) describe the politeness principles underlying the preference of (usually audience are familiar to one Politeness in requests is a communication strategy the speaker uses to achieve goals, choosing the level of politeness based on the relative imposition involved in the request. Specifically, these studies have concentrated on how we employ communicative strategies to maintain or promote social harmony: [The role of the Politeness Principle is] to maintain the social equilibrium and the friendly Negative Politeness- Presume that the speaker will be imposing on the listener and there is a higher potential for awkwardness or embarrassment. Zhu and Bao (2010) state that in Chinese society, the principle of politeness that is followed is different from that of Western countries because Chinese politeness focuses on class distinction. Politeness is a topic on which people have very different opinions (and “people,” in this case, includes linguistic scholars and researchers). Such speech acts called as knowledge of pragmatics. It is important to use the right level of politeness. In his very last monograph which came out just a few days before his death, Geoffrey Leech returns after more than thirty years to a topic close to his heart, his pioneer-ing but oft-criticized conception of politeness in order to defend it. GEOFFREY N. LEECH, THE PRAGMATICS OF POLITENESS Oxford — New York: Oxford University Press, 2014. This paper presents a critique of politeness theories. Politeness strategies are very important to investigate as it is used by people in their social interactions and in the specific contexts, knowing what to say, how to say, when to say and how to be with other people (Yule, 1996). It is also a process of exchanging, discussing and even arguing about the issue. Perhaps one of … Pragmatics concerns with some fields and politeness is one of them. ex. In contrast, the notion of strategy Positive Politeness- Makes the hearer feel good about themselves, interests, or possessions. Business negotiation is the solution to reach an agreement or to solve the disagreement. The classic, and most frequently cited, politeness studies lean heavily towards a pragmatic view of politeness. Politeness, as a notion stands for the speakers' self image, played a vital role in paving the ground and establishing the theoretical foundation of cross-cultural pragmatics. 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