Jackson vetoed the extension and killed the 2nd Bank of the US. Undergirding all the expansions in economics, politics, and land was America’s expansion in religion and social conscientiousness. A philosophical and literary movement of the 1800s which emphasized living a simple life while celebrating the truth in nature, emotion, and imagination. 51 terms. Passed by Congress under the Jackson administration, this act removed all Indians east of the Mississippi to an "Indian Territory" where they would be "permanently" housed. .Osceola was captured by white troops. Free AP US History practice exam for Period 4 (1800–1848). period marked by the belief that ordinary people should vote in elections, hold office, and do anything they had the ability to do. Robert Owen, who was a British Factory owner In 1824, purchased and created New Harmony in Indiana, which was to be a new moral world. developed as plantation-style layouts that are spread out instead of crunched together due to late colonization once transportation was made easier. Cheif Osceola staged an uprising in 1835 to defend their land. Resulted in the disruption of families, groups of slaves chained together and forced to march into the South to the Cotton Kingdom, Intensification of all of the processes of production at a single site during the Industrial Revolution; involved greater organization of labor and increased discipline. Jackson kept sending troops into Florida but the indians were masters of guerrilla warfare. EPS 50 Midterm II. Archbishop John Hughes urges them to maintain their identity, which leads to the development of Catholic schools. Idealistic and impractical communities. By then the Seminoles had either been killed or forced westward. This feeling of equality led to a surge in political participation nationwide. Robert Fulton sailed his steamboat, the Clermont, up the Hudson River. These ideas would contribute to the coming of the secession crisis of 1832-1833 and ultimately to the Civil War in 1861. This mixture of expansion and compromise marks Period 4. the ideal woman was seen as a tender, self-sacrificing caregiver who provided a nest for her children and a peaceful refuge for her husband, social customs that restricted women to caring for the house. The effort to move others to a particular course of action through appeals to moral values and beliefs, without the use of enticements or force. A declaration by the President in 1823 that warned European powers to keep out of the Western Hemisphere and pledged that the United States would not intervene in the internal affairs of Europe. These actions were largley viewed as traitorous to the country and lost the Federalist much influence, Connected small farmers and traders to larger markets through the use of newly developed infrastructure. Before 1830 they were owned by corporations chartered by state governments. He spent his 4 years with bank failures, bankruptcies and massive unemployment. Irish immigrants came and received much discrimination due to their Catholic faith as well as exploitation in factories due to their limited skills. Bank of the U.S. failed, cotton prices fell, businesses went bankrupt, and there was widespread unemployment and distress. As the nation expanded, this economic, cultural, and social dichotomy would prove irreconcilable. The Court ruled that the charter was protected under the contract clause of the U. S. Constitution; upholds the sanctity of contracts. This time in America history can best be summarized by one word: expansion. were 19th-century American Quakers, educators and writers who were early advocates of abolitionism and women's rights. Heavily influential transcendentalist who critiques American market society in his novel Walden, where he declares that the economic drive of America leads to moral tyranny and inability to appreciate the true beauty of nature. -Large scale manufacture of standardized products with interchangeable parts in order to reduce manufacturing cost. While he initially had the ideas of common men in mind, he began exercising his power as president and expanded the executive branch. 1831 - Supreme Court refused to hear a suit filed by the Cherokee Nation against a Georgia law abolishing tribal legislature. In other words- Mr. Hierl grades the essays you will write for the APUSH exam. About the Author: Warren Hierl taught Advanced Placement U.S. History for twenty-eight years. 2) Crash Course #14: The Age of Andrew Jackson (Period 4 pt. 1842 Landmark ruling of the Massachusetts supreme court establishing the legality of labor unions. Enhanced nationalism of Americans. Church founded by Joseph Smith in 1830 with headquarters in Salt Lake City, Utah, religious group that emphasized moderation, saving, hard work, and risk-taking; moved from IL to UT. French liberal politician who observed the evolution of American political thought, customs and social interaction in the 1830's. 1828 - Also called Tariff of 1828, it raised the tariff on imported manufactured goods. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo solidified America’s continental conquest by forcing Mexico to cede the lands of current-day Texas, Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah, and California. Electoral opponent of Jackson that was made fun of for his intellectual ability compared to Jackson's "rough and tough" posterior. 1819 New Hampshire had attempted to take over Dartmouth College by revising its colonial charter. Become renowned for their furniture production, A group of socio-religious perfectionists founded by John Noyes who lived in New York. Scandinavian 106 Final. Jackson felt that he was being blackmailed because if he didn't approve the extension, Biddle would use his resources to see that Jackson was not re-elected. Owen's community didn't work because of disputes over the community's constitution and the distribution of property. For Southerners, the western frontier represented additional, fertile farmland which could be used to increase economic clout in the world economy. Jackson ran his campaign around the idea of a "common man" party. culture of the Southeast in Louisiana developed as a result of French/Spanish influence from trade and colonization, Caribbean influence from slave trade, and American values. He has been a reader, a table leader, and, for the past eight years, the question leader on the DBQ at the AP U.S. History reading. Still, leaving to work in the mill gave women a sense of independence and allowed them to notice their responsibilities outside the home. Fully updated for the revised AP US History curriculum. 1835 law passed by Southern congress which made it illegal to talk of abolition or anti-slavery arguments in Congress, Activist who helped improve conditions of mental patients, movement to get people (regardless of sex) the right to vote. South Carolina's ordinance of nullification had declared these tariffs null and void, and South Carolina would not collect duties on them. 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